Document Type


Publication Date

August 2007


When, if ever, is it appropriate for the police to lie to members of the American People about their constitutional rights, mislead them about the rights' content, fail to mention them at all, or discourage their exercise? This paper seeks to answer that question by drawing on the philosophical literature on the nature and social value (or harm) of bullshit and on psychological research relevant to the same concept to craft what is ultimate a political position on the question.


This paper is in draft only and is posted with the copyright permission of the Texas Tech Law Review, the final version appearing in August, 2007, in volume 49, as part of a symposium of invited authors writing on the topic, "Citizen Ignorance, Police Deception, and the Constitution"

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