Chuvash polycythemia VHLR200W mutation is associated with down-regulation of hepcidin expression
Hypoxia is known to reduce the expression of hepcidin, the master regulator of iron metabolism. However, it is not clear whether this response is primarily related to increased erythropoiesis driven by hypoxically stimulated erythropoietin or to a more direct effect of hypoxia on hepcidin expression. The germline loss-of-functionVHLR200Wmutation is common in Chuvashia, Russia, and also occurs elsewhere. VHLR200W homozygotes have elevated hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and HIF-2α levels, increased red cell mass, propensity to thrombosis, and early mortality. Ninety VHLR200Whomozygotes and 52 controls with normal VHL alleles from Chuvashia, Russia, were studied under basal circumstances. In univariate analyses, serum hepcidin concentration was correlated positively with serum ferritin concentration and negatively with homozygosity for VHLR200W. After adjustment for serum erythropoietin and ferritin concentrations by multiple linear regression, the geometric mean (95% confidence interval of mean) hepcidin concentration was 8.1 (6.3-10.5) ng/mL in VHLR200W homozygotes versus 26.9 (18.6-38.0) ng/mL in controls (P < .001). In contrast, a significant independent relationship of serum erythropoietin, hemoglobin, orRBCcount with hepcidin was not observed. In conclusion, up-regulation of the hypoxic response leads to decreased expression of hepcidin that may be independent of increased erythropoietin levels and increased RBC counts. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.
Gordeuk, Victor R.; Miasnikova, Galina Y.; Sergueeva, Adelina I.; Niu, Xiaomei; Nouraie, Mehdi; Okhotin, Daniel J.; Polyakova, Lydia A.; Ammosova, Tatiana; Nekhai, Sergei; Ganz, Tomas; and Prchal, Josef T., "Chuvash polycythemia VHLR200W mutation is associated with down-regulation of hepcidin expression" (2011). The Center For Sickle Cell Disease Faculty Publications. 98.