Prospective evaluation of haemoglobin oxygen saturation at rest and after exercise in paediatric sickle cell disease patients
Low steady state haemoglobin oxygen saturation in patients with sickle cell anaemia has been associated with the degree of anaemia and haemolysis. How much pulmonary dysfunction contributes to low saturation is not clear. In a prospective study of children and adolescents with sickle cell disease aged 3-20 years at steady state and matched controls, 52% of 391 patients versus 24% of 63 controls had steady state oxygen saturation <99% (P < 0·0001), 9% of patients versus no controls had saturation <95% (P = 0·008) and 8% of patients versus no controls had exercise-induced reduction in saturation ≥3%. Decreasing haemoglobin concentration (P ≤ 0·001) and increasing haemolysis (P ≤ 0·003) but not pulmonary function tests were independent predictors of both lower steady-state saturation and exercise-induced reduction in saturation. Neither history of stroke nor history of acute chest syndrome was significantly associated with lower steady-state oxygen saturation or exercise-induced reduction in saturation. Tricuspid regurgitation velocity was higher in patients with lower steady state haemoglobin oxygen saturation (P = 0·003) and with greater decline in oxygen saturation during the six-minute walk (P = 0·022). In conclusion, lower haemoglobin oxygen saturation is independently associated with increasing degrees of anaemia and haemolysis but not pulmonary function abnormalities among children and adolescents with sickle cell disease. © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Campbell, Andrew; Minniti, Caterina P.; Nouraie, Mehdi; Arteta, Manuel; Rana, Sohail; Onyekwere, Onyinye; Sable, Craig; Ensing, Gregory; Dham, Niti; Luchtman-Jones, Lori; Kato, Gregory J.; Gladwin, Mark T.; Castro, Oswaldo L.; and Gordeuk, Victor R., "Prospective evaluation of haemoglobin oxygen saturation at rest and after exercise in paediatric sickle cell disease patients" (2009). The Center For Sickle Cell Disease Faculty Publications. 127.