Zika virus increases mind bomb 1 levels, causing degradation of pericentriolar material 1 (PCM1) and dispersion of PCM1-containing granules from the centrosome

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The centrosome is a cytoplasmic nonenveloped organelle functioning as one of the microtubule-organizing centers and composing a centriole center surrounded by pericentriolar material (PCM) granules. PCM consists of many centrosomal proteins, including PCM1 and centrosomal protein 131 (CEP131), and helps maintain centrosome stability. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae whose RNA and viral particles are replicated in the cytoplasm. However, how ZIKV interacts with host cell components during its productive infection stage is incompletely understood. Here, using several primate cell lines, we report that ZIKV infection disrupts and disperses the PCM granules. We demonstrate that PCM1- and CEP131-containing granules are dispersed in ZIKV-infected cells, whereas the centrioles remain intact. We found that ZIKV does not significantly alter cellular skeletal proteins, and, hence, these proteins may not be involved in the interaction between ZIKV and centrosomal proteins. Moreover, ZIKV infection decreased PCM1 and CEP131 protein, but not mRNA, levels. We further found that the protease inhibitor MG132 prevents the decrease in PCM1 and CEP131 levels and centriolar satellite dispersion. Therefore, we hypothesized that ZIKV infection induces proteasomal PCM1 and CEP131 degradation and thereby disrupts the PCM granules. Supporting this hypothesis, we show that ZIKV infection increases levels of mind bomb 1 (MIB1), previously demonstrated to be an E3 ubiquitin ligase for PCM1 and CEP131 and that ZIKV fails to degrade or disperse PCM in MIB1-ko cells. Our results imply that ZIKV infection activates MIB1-mediated ubiquitination that degrades PCM1 and CEP131, leading to PCM granule dispersion.

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