Trends in the Surgical Management and Outcomes of Complicated Peptic Ulcer Disease

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Background: Older data indicate that less patients undergo surgery for complicated peptic ulcer disease (PUD). We evaluated contemporary trends in the surgical management and outcomes of patients with complicated PUD. Methods: The National Inpatient Sample (2005-2014) was queried for patients with complicated PUD (hemorrhage, perforation, or obstruction). Trend analyses were used to evaluate changes in management and outcomes. Results: There were 1 570 696 admissions for complicated PUD during the study period. Majority (87.0%) presented with hemorrhage, 10.6% presented with perforation, and 2.4% had an obstruction. The average age was 67 years. Overall, admissions with complicated PUD decreased from 180 054 in 2005 to 150 335 in 2014. The proportion of patients managed operatively decreased from 2.5% to 1.9% in the hemorrhage group, 75.0% to 67.4% in the perforation group, and 26.0% to 20.2% in the obstruction group (all P-trend < .05). Overall, among patients managed operatively, the use of acid-reducing procedures decreased from 25.9% to 13.9%, mortality decreased from 11.9% to 9.4% (both P-trend < .001), while complications remained stable (10.4% to 10.3%, P-trend = .830). Conclusions: There are fewer admissions with complicated PUD and more patients are treated nonoperatively. Despite subtle improvements, significant proportions of patients still die from complicated PUD indicating the need for improved preoperative optimization and postoperative care among these patients.

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