Cultural considerations in debriefing: A systematic review of the literature
Background: Conversations are influenced by cultural perceptions, beliefs and values. Debriefing is a learning conversation. Without cross-cultural engagement or culturally relevant teaching, learning may be compromised and may result in an outcome opposite of that intended. Objective: This systematic review explores cultural considerations in healthcare simulation debriefing. We sought to explore findings that could help debriefers create culturally responsive and inclusive debriefings. Study selection: Studies were included if they were peer-reviewed articles in any language and focused on healthcare simulation debriefing and global cultural considerations. Research study methods included qualitative, quantitative or both. The review included any health-related profession and level of learner. Findings: Three studies met the criteria. The purposes of the three studies were significantly different and did not directly study cultural considerations in debriefing. Conclusions: The learner-educator relationship is at risk and learning may be negatively impacted without addressing cultural awareness. More studies are needed to fully describe the effect of culture on successful debriefing.
Palaganas, Janice C.; Charnetski, Matthew; Dowell, Sharon; Chan, Albert Kam Ming; and Leighton, Kim, "Cultural considerations in debriefing: A systematic review of the literature" (2021). College of Medicine Faculty Publications. 143.