Title

Tumor-specific overexpression of histone gene, H3C14 in gastric cancer is mediated through EGFR-FOXC1 axis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-1-2021

Abstract

Incorporation of different H3 histone isoforms/variants have been reported to differentially regulate gene expression via alteration in chromatin organization during diverse cellular processes. However, the differential expression of highly conserved histone H3.2 genes, H3C14 and H3C13 in human cancer has not been delineated. In this study, we investigated the expression of H3.2 genes in primary human gastric, brain, breast, colon, liver, and head and neck cancer tissues and tumor cell lines. The data showed overexpression of H3.2 transcripts in tumor samples and cell lines with respect to normal counterparts. Furthermore, TCGA data of individual and TCGA PANCAN cohort also showed significant up-regulation of H3.2 genes. Further, overexpressed H3C14 gene coding for H3.2 protein was regulated by FOXC1 transcription factor and G4-cassette in gastric cancer cell lines. Elevated expression of FOXC1 protein and transcripts were also observed in human gastric cancer samples and cell lines. Further, FOXC1 protein was predominantly localized in the nuclei of neoplastic gastric cells compared to normal counterpart. In continuation, studies with EGF induction, FOXC1 knockdown, and ChIP-qPCR for the first time identified a novel axis, EGFR-FOXC1-H3C14 for regulation of H3C14 gene overexpression in gastric cancer. Therefore, the changes the epigenomic landscape due to incorporation of differential expression H3 variant contributes to change in gene expression pattern and thereby contributing to pathogenesis of cancer.

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