Treatment and survival outcome for molecular breast cancer subtypes in black women
Objective: To analyze whether the local-regional surgical treatments (breast-conserving therapy, mastectomy) resulted in different overall survival, distant metastasis-free survival, and locoregional recurrencefree survival rates for the various molecular breast cancer subtypes. Summary Background Data: Molecular gene expression profiling has been proposed as a new classification and prognostication system for breast cancer. Current recommendation for local-regional treatment of breast cancer is based on traditional clinicopathologic variables. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 372 breast cancer cases with assessable immunohistochemical data for ER, PR, and Her-2/neu receptor status, diagnosed from 1998 to 2005. Molecular subtypes analyzed were luminal A, luminal B, basal like, and Her-2/neu. Results: No substantial difference was noted in overall survival, and locoregional recurrence rate between the local-regional treatment modalities as a function of the molecular breast cancer subtypes. The basal cell-like subtype was an independent predictor of a poorer overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28-4.97, P<0.01) and a shorter distant metastasis-free survival time (HR = 3.61, 95% CI 1.27-10.2, P < 0.01), and showed a tendency toward statistical significance as an independent predictor of locoregional recurrence (HR = 3.57, 95% CI 0.93-13.6, P = 0.06). Conclusions: The basal cell-like subtype is associated with a worse prognosis, a higher incidence of distant metastasis, and may be more prone to local recurrence when managed with breastconserving therapy. © 2008 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Ihemelandu, Chukwuemeka U.; Naab, Tammey J.; Mezghebe, Haile M.; Makambi, Kepher H.; Siram, Suryanarayana M.; Leffall, Lasalle D.; DeWitty, Robert L.; and Frederick, Wayne A., "Treatment and survival outcome for molecular breast cancer subtypes in black women" (2008). Howard University Cancer Center Faculty Publications. 88.