Hepatic glycogen synthase phosphatase and phosphorylase phosphatase activities are increased in obese (fa/fa) hyperinsulinemic Zucker rats: Effects of glyburide administration

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The chronically hyperinsulinemic Zucker fatty rat, with peripheral insulin resistance and glucose intolerance, represents a model of noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). These animals have elevated hepatic glycogen levels. Hepatic levels of synthase phosphatase and phosphorylase phosphatase, which are diminished in the IDDM rat, were markedly increased in the obese rats. Glyburide, a sulfonylurea used in treatment of NIDDM, resulted in reduced levels of glycemia and increased insulin levels in Zucker rats. Hepatic glycogen levels were increased, as was the activation of glycogen synthase, although there were no effects of drug administration on synthase phosphatase or phosphorylase phosphatase activities. G6P levels were increased by glyburide in lean rats but not in obese animals. These effects of glyburide on liver glycogen metabolism are accounted for via potentiation of the glycogenic effects of insulin. © 1987.

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