A secretory protein restricted to type I cells in neonatal rat submandibular glands

Document Type


Publication Date



The perinatal submandibular gland of the rat contains an 89-kDa secretory protein (Protein C) that is released upon cholinergic stimulation. Polyclonal antibodies raised against Protein C show that this protein is localized in the Type I cells and is not found in typical Type III cells. However, morphological variants of Type III cells (Type IIIP) contain material that is cross-reactive with antibodies to Protein C. Cross-reactive components also are found in mucous cells of the neonatal sublingual glands, parotid and minor sublingual glands, and adult submandibular and sublingual glands. Immunoblots of electrophoretically separated proteins show a distinct Protein C band at 89 kDa only in neonatal submandibular glands; neonatal sublingual and minor sublingual glands show some diffuse reactivity over a range of mobilities encompassing that of Protein C. We propose that the cross-reactive components of mucous cells and Type IIIP cells are not Protein C, but different proteins associated with mucous differentiation, and that the Type IIIP cells of the neonatal submandibular gland are in transition from Type III to mature mucous cells. © 1988.

This document is currently not available here.