An age-Based analysis of pediatric melanoma: Staging, surgery, and mortality in the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results database
The pediatric melanoma population is not well described, and current guidelines for their management are not well defined. Our study aims to identify this population, treatment modalities, and outcomes using a national population-based database. We reviewed the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2004–2008). Patients £21 years old with melanoma were included and grouped into £12 years of age, 13 to 18 years, and 19 to 21 years. Clinical characteristics were analyzed across the groups. A total of 1255 patients were included: 52.7 per cent were 19 to 21 years of age, 36.3 per cent were 13 to 18 years of age, and 11.0 per cent were £12 years of age. The 19- to 21-year-olds had the highest proportion of stage I (50.5%) versus £12 years of age (31.9%); the £12-year-olds had the highest proportion of stage IV (3.6%) versus 19 to 21 years of age (0.9%), P < 0.001. The 19- to 21-year-olds had the highest proportion receiving wide local excisions only (34.8%) versus £12 years of age (26.4%); the £12-year-olds had the highest proportion of patients without any surgeries (16.0%) versus 13 to 18 years of age (9.4%), P 5 0.169. On adjusted analysis, the 19- to 21-year-olds had worse survival compared with £12 years of age (hazard ratio: 5.26, P 5 0.017, 95% confidence interval 1.34–20.65). Disparities were found in the £12-year-old melanoma population, as they had later stage melanomas, less invasive surgery, and lower survival. Clearer prognostic factors are needed to better elucidate their management.
Lam, Patrick H.; Obirieze, Augustine C.; Ortega, Gezzer; Li, Becky S.; Purnell, Stephanie D.; Weeks, Claudia B.; Ehanire, Imudia D.; Oyetunji, Tolulope A.; and Wilson, Lori L., "An age-Based analysis of pediatric melanoma: Staging, surgery, and mortality in the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results database" (2018). Howard University Cancer Center Faculty Publications. 21.