The Chicken Little syndrome.
Case report articles or any articles that report serious consequences from a particular therapy should be evaluated with reasonable suspicion. The concerns of these articles may prove to be correct or not in time and therefore, it is necessary to take a wait-and-see posture. In time, the publication of similar case reports should generate further concern, or the lack of secondary case report articles backing up the initial report would tend to dismiss concern. Obvious failures in critical thinking and information gathering should be noted.
Brown, Ronald S., "The Chicken Little syndrome." (2006). College of Dentistry Faculty Publications. 113.