Background: MiRNA expression profiling is being actively investigated as a clinical biomarker and diagnostic tool to detect multiple cancer types and stages as well as other complex diseases. Initial investigations, however, have not comprehensively taken into account genetic variability affecting miRNA expression and/or function in populations of different ethnic backgrounds. Therefore, more complete surveys of miRNA genetic variability are needed to assess global patterns of miRNA variation within and between diverse human populations and their effect on clinically relevant miRNA genes.
Rawlings-Goss, Renata; Campbell, Michael; and Tishkoff, Sarah, "Global population-specific variation in miRNA associated with cancer risk and clinical biomarkers" (2014). Department of Biology Faculty Publications. 87.