Land and Labor: The Quest for Black Economic Independence on Virginia's Lower Peninsula, 1865-1880

Edna Medford, Howard University

Published by: Virginia Historical Society


Until quite recently, most of what we knew about antebellum slavery and the African-American experience in the postwar years resulted from generalizations regarding the cotton South. The tendency to focus on the heart of Dixie failed to take into account certain economic realities in the Upper South that shaped experiences under slavery and influenced freedpeople's adaptation to a new order.